Phlebotomy is the removal of blood from the body, and this procedure is performed by phlebotomist, doctors, nurses, nurse aides and medical technicians. The widespread demands phlebotomist in hospitals, health care center and health laboratories have encouraged many aspirants to choose phlebotomy as their career and serve health industry efficiently. Role of phlebotomist in healthcare is crucial as accuracy of the blood report largely depends on the competence phlebotomist as a single error in the procedure could of blood sample collection and delivering it to the laboratories for testing could be dangerous for the wellbeing of patients as well as the organization.
Know your responsibilities
In this competitive world to excel as a proficient phlebotomist proper training from reputed medical schools, community colleges or health care center could be immensely beneficial. Working in health sectors is fun, challenging and at the same time rewarding too. With effective training, every aspiring phlebotomist can conveniently accomplish whole procedure flawlessly. Some of the salient responsibilities of a phlebotomist are:
- Informing patients about the precautions that need to be followed before giving a blood sample
- Before performing specimen, collection phlebotomist must first identify the patients and perform a right test on right patients.
- Drawing blood sample in a professional as well as friendly manner so that patients do not feel pain and stress of piercing
- Carry out the procedure of preparing either serum or plasma as per test requirements
- Labeling each specimen properly with correct personal information of the patients such as name, age, DOB, blood type, etc.
- Last but not the least transporting the specimen to the nearby laboratory with great care so that each specimen can reach to the destination in perfect condition.
Make the right decision
To avoid cross-contamination of additives between phlebotomy tubes and the accuracy of the test report it is recommended to draw blood collection tubes in a specific order. Phlebotomist with in-depth knowledge of additives present in each tube can never fail to choose the right tube for the right test.
- non-additive tube (red top)
- SST (red-gray or gold top)
- Sodium heparin (dark green top)
- PST (light green top)
- EDTA (lavender top)
- ACDA or ACDB (pale yellow top)
- Oxalate/fluoride (light gray top)
Enhance overall personality
Phlebotomists meet a large number of patients which different health conditions and mood and it is expected that they will deal with each patient with love, respect, and care. Hence aspiring phlebotomists’ should learn to keep calm under pressure and enhance personality so that patients feel confident and safe. The novice phlebotomists should first understand which color tube is used for which test and then focus on making the blood drawing experience as pleasant as possible.
- Yellow top tube – Use to be cultured for the presence of microorganisms
- Light blue tube- Coagulation studies (Prothrombin Time, Partial Thromboplastin Time, Fibrin Degradation products, Thrombin Time, Bleeding Time)
- Lavender top tube- RBC, CBC, WCS, H&H, ESR, PLATELET COUNT, SICKLE CELL SCREENING
- Green top tubes- Chemistry test performed on plasma (Ammonia, Carboxyhemoglobin, Stat Electrolytes)
- Gray top tube- Chemistry (Fasting Blood Sugar, Glucose Tolerance Test, Blood alcohol levels, Lactic acid)